It can be difficult to follow a new sport for the first time. That’s why we compiled this list of terms, so that you can understand all the nuances that revolve around triathlon, and follow the competition close by.
Cycling and running areas with supplements, drink and food, for athletes to ingest during the race.
Blue Card A blue card will be used by Technical Officials for drafting infringements during the bike segment.
Floats used to mark the swim course.
An extension of the handlebars, enabling the cyclist to take on a more aerodynamic position while on the bike.
An imaginary area approximately three bicycle lengths long and two metres wide surrounding each competitor during the bike segment. This zone is used to distinguish drafting violations during events where drafting is not allowed.
The technique of riding in a pack during the cycling event. For safety reasons, drafting is forbidden in Long Distance and age group races.
Completely complete a given circuit of any of the three segments.
Exclusive area for penalties, where only the Technical Official and penalised athlete can enter. Once the athlete enters, he informs the Technical Official of their identity and number of penalties to serve. The time penalty starts when the athlete enters the penalty box and ends when the Technical Official says “Go”, at which time the athlete may continue with the race.
Post-finish zone with food and drink for athletes
Technical Officials are the referees of the sport, providing valuable support at triathlon events.
The period in between stages of the triathlon, where competitors change equipment for the next discipline (swim to bike and bike to run).
The area where transitions take place. Most events have one main transition area but occasionally there will be two separate areas for each transition (swim to bike and bike to run).
The time it takes each competitor to complete their transition. This time is counted in their overall time for the race.
Yellow card will be used by Technical Officials for the rest of infringemen.
THE ABC OF TRIATHLON
If you want to know more about Triathlon’s history and discover how it all started, and how it evolved into an Olympic sport, you can read about it here.